You would like to all human rights at a glance see? Then you've come to the right place! The basis for peaceful and sustainable coexistence is the protection of the basic needs of each individual. These range from food, health and education to social security. To safeguard human dignity, the 183rd plenary session in the Palais de Chaillot in Paris on December 10, 1948, adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaimed. Even if the rights contained therein are not enforceable and not binding, they represent an ideal for the orientation of human rights and peaceful coexistence. This is why Human Rights Day is celebrated on this day every year.
In this article, I would like to introduce you to all 30 articles so that you can get a clear picture of our human rights.
First of all, here is a Overview for you:
- Freedom, equality, solidarity
- Prohibition of discrimination
- Right to life and liberty
- Prohibition of slavery
- Concealed the torture
- Recognition as a legal entity
- Equality before the law
- Entitlement to legal protection
- Protection from arrest and expulsion
- Right to a fair trial
- Presumption of innocence
- The individual's sphere of freedom
- Freedom of movement and emigration
- Asylum law
- Right to nationality
- Marriage, Family
- Right to property
- Freedom of thought, conscience, religion
- Freedom of expression and information
- Freedom of assembly and association
- General and equal suffrage
- Right to social security
- Right to work, equal pay
- Right to rest and leisure
- Right to welfare
- Right to education
- Freedom of cultural life
- Social and international order
- Basic duties
- Interpretation rule
All articles from the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" listed
In the Universal Declaration of Human Rights you will find all the basic views on the rights to which we humans are entitled. The text is one of the most frequently translated texts ever - because it represents the ideal of peaceful coexistence for all people on this planet.
Below you will now find the entire General Assembly Resolution dated December 10, 1948, including all 30 articles.₁
Since the recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human community is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
da the non-recognition and contempt of human rights have led to acts of barbarism which fill the conscience of mankind with indignation, and since it has been proclaimed that a world in which men enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want is the highest aspiration of man,
da it is necessary to protect human rights through the rule of law so that man is not forced to resort to rebellion against tyranny and oppression as a last resort,
da it is necessary to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,
da the peoples of the United Nations have reaffirmed in the Charter their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women, and have resolved to promote social progress and better living conditions in larger freedom,
da Member States are committed to working towards universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, in cooperation with the United Nations,
da a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of utmost importance for the full fulfillment of this commitment,
announces the General Meeting
This Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the common ideal to be attained by all peoples and nations, so that every individual and every organ of society may constantly bear it in mind and strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive national and international measures to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance by the peoples of the member States themselves
as well as by the population of the territories under its jurisdiction.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should treat one another in a spirit of solidarity.
Everyone is entitled to the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Furthermore, no distinction may be made on the basis of the political, legal or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is independent, under trusteeship, without self-government or otherwise restricted in its sovereignty.
Every person has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Everyone has the right to be recognized as having legal capacity everywhere.
All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without distinction to equal protection of the law. Everyone is entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted to him by the Constitution or by law.
No one may be arbitrarily arrested, detained or expelled from the country.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
- Every person charged with a criminal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty in a public trial in which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense, in accordance with the law.
- No one may be convicted of an act or omission that was not punishable under national or international law at the time it was committed. Likewise, no more severe penalty may be imposed than the penalty threatened at the time the criminal offense was committed.
No one may be subjected to arbitrary interference in their own private life, family, home and correspondence or to damage to their own honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to legal protection against such interference or impairment.
- Everyone has the right to move freely within a state and to choose their place of residence freely.
- Everyone has the right to leave any country, including their own, and return to their own country.
- Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries.
- This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions actually arising from crimes of a non-political nature or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
- Everyone has the right to a nationality.
- No one may be arbitrarily deprived of their nationality or denied the right to change their nationality.
- People of marriageable age have the right to marry and start a family without any restrictions based on racial attributions, nationality or religion. They have equal rights when getting married, during the marriage and when it is dissolved.
- A marriage may only be entered into with the free and unrestricted consent of the future spouses.
- The family is the natural basic unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.
- Everyone has the right to hold property, both alone and in community with others.
- No one may be arbitrarily deprived of their property.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes the freedom to change religion or belief and the freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest one's religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes the freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
- All people have the right to assemble peacefully and form associations.
- No one may be forced to belong to an association.
- Everyone has the right to participate in shaping the public affairs of their own country, either directly or through freely elected representatives.
- Everyone has the right to equal access to public office in their own country.
- The will of the people is the basis for the authority of public power; this will must be expressed through regular, undistorted, universal and equal elections by secret ballot or an equivalent free election procedure.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to enjoy, through national measures and international cooperation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
- Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of occupation, to just and satisfactory working conditions, and to protection against unemployment.
- Everyone, without distinction, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
- Every person who works has the right to fair and satisfactory remuneration that ensures him and his family an existence commensurate with human dignity, supplemented where necessary by other social protection measures.
- Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions for the protection of their own interests.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure and, in particular, to a reasonable limit on working hours and regular paid leave.
- Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other loss of means of subsistence through no fault of his own.
- Mothers and children are entitled to special care and support. All children, both legitimate and illegitimate, enjoy the same social protection.
- Everyone has the right to education. Education is free, at least primary education and basic education. Primary education is compulsory. Technical and vocational education must be made universally available, and higher education must be open to all equally according to their abilities.
- Education must be directed towards the full development of the human personality and the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It must contribute to understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all groups, irrespective of origin and religion, and be conducive to the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
- Parents have a primary right to choose the type of education their children receive.
- Everyone has the right to participate freely in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific progress and its achievements.
- All people have the right to protection of the intellectual and material interests that accrue to them as authors of works of science, literature or art.
Everyone has the right to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
- Every person has duties towards the community, in which alone the free and full development of one's own personality is possible.
- In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law solely for the purpose of securing recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
- Under no circumstances may these rights and freedoms be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Nothing in this Declaration shall be construed as conferring upon any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or perform any act aimed at the elimination of any of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration.
All human rights at a glance for peaceful coexistence
Environmental protection and human rights are closely linked. Because the biggest Environmental problems of our time - From climate changeabout the air pollution until the Water shortage - end up threatening the rights of everyone in the world.
Like to use these further articlesto work for the preservation of human dignity and the protection of our planet in your everyday life:
- Stopping world hunger - What everyone can do
- Veganism and human rights
- Minimizing air pollution - tips for everyday life
I hope this post was helpful to you! Feel free to share it with others. And if you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to leave me a comment below this post.
PS.: Look you with pleasure still further in the Sustainability Blog from CareElite. Learn for example, What you can do against species extinction every day.
₁ United Nations: General Assembly December 10, 1948, available at https://t1p.de/f34p. [29.11.2020].