What are actually the most common allergies in Germany? Developments in recent years show that more and more people are affected by allergies. In Germany alone, there are around 25 million allergy sufferers who struggle with symptoms on a daily basis. The most common allergies include hay fever, house dust mite allergy and allergy to animal dander. At 62.6 %, pollen allergy is the most common type of hypersensitivity.
However, it is not only allergens that play a role in allergic reactions. An unhealthy lifestyle can also contribute to the development of various allergies. You can find out more about the most common allergies here.
Hay fever allergy
Hay fever is one of the most common allergies in Germany. This allergy is an allergic reaction that is caused by pollen. This is why it is also commonly referred to as a pollen allergy. This is not just a seasonal allergic rhinitis. While many people are only allergic in spring or summer, more and more people are suffering from the typical symptoms of a pollen allergy almost all year round.
Trigger Allergic rhinitis is caused by different types of pollen, which can occur at different times of the year. At pollen seasons, the body shows a defense reaction against pollen from trees and flowers.
Plant pollen consists of certain proteins that are considered allergens in connection with an allergy. If the human organism comes into contact with them, it forms IgE antibodies. These antibodies serve to release histamine, which acts as an inflammatory messenger. It is the histamines that ultimately cause watery eyes and a runny nose.
An unhealthy diet can also trigger allergies. A diet high in calories and saturated fatty acids promotes the development of hypersensitivity. Malnutrition leads to a reduction in the bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract that the body relies on.
Symptoms of hay fever allergy
The following Symptoms are characteristic of the disease:
- Watery eyes in combination with itching
- Frequent sneezing
- Common cold
- scratchy throat
- Reddening of the skin
- Skin swelling
- Feeling of weakness
A successful Treatment A pollen allergy is preceded by a visit to the allergist, who carries out an allergy test on the allergy sufferer. Once it has been determined which pathogens the affected person is allergic to, various treatment methods are available. Hyposensitization, also known as immunotherapy, often helps. The patient is then injected with allergens for at least three years. Medication or grass tablets can also help against hay fever. However, the latter are only suitable for adults.
House dust mite allergy
In addition to hay fever, the House dust allergy is one of the most common allergies in Germany. The term house dust allergy is a shortened form of house dust mite allergy. The hypersensitivity of the body is due to the excretions of Mites can be traced back to this. The mite excrement balls settle mainly in the house dust that allergy sufferers breathe in every day. Mites can be found almost everywhere in the home: in carpets, mattresses, pillows, textiles or on the surface of solid objects. The maximum amount of mites is found in the months of May to October. This is when people react most strongly to mites.
Symptoms of dust mite allergy
The Symptoms of a house dust mite allergy are similar to those of a pollen allergy. However, there may be symptom-free intervals. Daily symptoms, which usually occur more frequently in the morning, manifest themselves as follows:
- watery, itchy eyes
- Sore throat
- Common cold
- Skin eczema
- and shortness of breath
In severe cases, this can lead to asthma. There are ways to reduce mites in the home and thus reduce house dust allergy. Five tips show how it's done.
- 1st tip: Warm, damp mattresses and comforters are the ideal climate for mites. The bed should therefore be allowed to cool down and dry after getting up. The comforters should be folded back for this purpose.
- 2nd tip: The temperature in the rooms should not exceed 18 °C. Allergy sufferers can counteract the mite population in this way.
- 3rd tip: Duvet covers, pillows and blankets can be washed at 60 °C. This also applies to cuddly toys. Alternatively, the textiles can be cooled in the refrigerator or freezer for 24 hours.
- 4th tip: Allergy sufferers have the option of Encasings to use. These allergen-proof covers prevent the occurrence of mites.
- 5th tip: Cleanliness should not be neglected. The living areas and floors should be kept clean. HEPA filters are suitable for your own vacuum cleaner and can be used when vacuuming. When buying a new vacuum cleaner, look for the TÜV seal of approval for allergy sufferers.
Animal hair allergy
In addition to pollen and dust mite allergy is the Animal hair allergy one of the most common allergies in Germany. Even brief contact with the allergens is enough to provoke an immune reaction in the body.
There is a common misconception that the allergy is to the animal hair itself. This is not the case. Rather, the protein-containing Saliva, the Sweat, the Tallow or the Urine of certain animals can cause an allergic reaction. Allergy sufferers inhale the allergens from the various animals through the air they breathe, which can irritate the eyes, nose and bronchial tubes. Direct skin contact with certain animals can also trigger an allergic reaction.
The respective allergen exposure varies from person to person. An allergy test can be used to determine which animal the person is hypersensitive to.
Symptoms of animal hair allergy
Symptoms are expressed as follows:
- Runny nose on contact or close proximity
- Sneezing fits
- reddened eyes
- runny nose
- In severe cases, shortness of breath
Go to Treatment There are various methods for treating an animal hair allergy. You can consider either medication or drops as a temporary aid or a Hyposensitization. If the affected person is not the pet owner or keeper, contact with the allergens should be avoided as far as possible.
The allergy can be problematic for people who react to their own animals. However, they can still live together if the following points are observed:
- The affected person should not have a severe allergic reaction.
- Keep the animal clean.
- After stroking, allergy sufferers should wash their hands with soap and water.
- The bedroom should be a pet-free zone.
- Removing carpets
Allergies to food are not uncommon. People often have a gluten or lactose intolerance. The intolerance to gluten is also known as Celiac disease known.
At the Gluten intolerance the body reacts to certain proteins found in various types of grain. The protein gliadin plays a central role here. Ingested with food, it enters the small intestine after the different proteins have been broken down and the mucous membrane no longer prevents the proteins from passing through. The so-called Gluten protein then leads to a defense reaction of the body.
Symptoms of gluten intolerance
Typical Symptoms of gluten intolerance are, for example:
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
Dietary nutrition is a suitable Treatment represent. It is also known as a gluten-free diet. It consists of omitting foods that contain gluten.
Cereals containing gluten can be replaced with gluten-free fruit and vegetables. If you don't want to give up bread, you can use flour that does not contain gluten. Various manufacturers have responded to gluten intolerance by processing different types of grain.
Dietary supplements containing minerals and vitamins can also be used.
At Lactose intolerance is a lactose intolerance. It is based on a dysfunction of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down the milk sugar (lactose) into the components lactose and galactose. If the function of the enzyme is impaired, bacteria take over the breakdown of these sugar molecules. This leads to digestive problems that are typical of lactose intolerance.
Symptoms of lactose intolerance
The following Symptoms are considered typical for lactose intolerance:
- Urge to defecate
- Muscle pain
Another form of allergy is one of the most common allergies in Germany. More and more people are complaining about Allergy to various cosmetics. Women are particularly affected. The allergic reaction is clearly visible on the skin because it is a contact allergy. Shower gels, skin and hair care products, hair dyes, bath additives, lotions and make-up contain chemical substances that cause an allergic reaction. These include kerosenes and silicones, which are waste products from crude oil production.
When the T lymphocytes present in the body begin to fight the allergens, the outwardly visible defense reaction occurs. Triggers are often chemical substances, fragrances, preservatives, colorants, emulsifiers or UV filters. However, an allergic reaction to cosmetics can also be provoked by an unhealthy diet.
Symptoms of cosmetics allergy
It comes to the following typical complaints:
- Reddening of the skin
- Blistering on the skin
Treatment of cosmetics allergy
Go to Treatment either antihistamines or ointments and creams containing cortisone can be used. Various tea preparations can also be used for local application.
Homemade creams, detergents or toothpaste are alternatives. This form of natural cosmetics is suitable for anyone who wants to be on the safe side. Certain care oils, vegan substances or classic curd soap are often used. If you don't want to use toothpaste containing fluoride, you can also use organic coconut oil, Baking soda and/or Xylitol yourself. You get a tutorial in the article Make toothpaste yourself.
What to do about the most common allergies?
Now you have learned all about the most common allergies in Germany.
Allergies are a complex issue. People often suffer from several allergies at the same time. This makes it all the more important to have a medical examination and an allergy test. Once a clear diagnosis has been made, it is possible to find effective ways of dealing with the allergy.
Medication is not always necessary. Certain allergic reactions can also be reduced with common household remedies and natural products that you make yourself. I can recommend the DIY cosmetics blog from CareElite. There you can learn, for example, how to make your own natural Make peeling yourself simply by following your heart.
PS.: You can get more tips in the Natural Health Blog here at CareElite.