Sustainable gardening for a diverse, green natural garden - that's something great! Both for yourself and for the animals and plants that live in your garden paradise. Unfortunately, the trend is toward monotonous, lifeless, and gray stone deserts in your own backyard that simply don't provide food for bees, birds, and other wildlife. And if they do, the use of pesticides finishes them off.
With the tips from this article, I would therefore like to ensure that your garden does not become a garden of horrors - but a biological and climate-friendly mecca of biodiversity. Let's go!
Notice: If you don't have a garden, that's no problem! Even on the balcony, for example, you can provide food for animals.
Why a natural, sustainable garden is great
Before we get started, I would like to give you a solid foundation of motivation for your own natural garden. So: What are the advantages of a natural garden? Personally, I am particularly attracted by the constant change. In a natural garden, nothing is final. Plants relocate, new animals arrive. A natural garden is uniquely wild, rather than overly cultivated. An interplay of seasonal plants and those that grow and bloom forever - they are all native. Birds like to come there because they find good nesting material, can breed super and the food supply is rich. Insects also find ideal living conditions here - as do hedgehogs and mice, which make their shelter here.
And how does the garden owner benefit? For example, from a unique Diversity in your own garden, the Cost savings for pesticides and chemical fertilizers and the self-produced food and herbs. Soothing birdsong included. But especially beautiful is the small workload - because in a natural garden, you can quietly give nature its freedom and be inspired by wild nature.
19 Tips for sustainable gardening in the natural garden
Now it's time to get down to business. You can implement almost all of the following tips in a relatively short time. Unless you are in the process of creating a whole new garden, you should simply implement one tip after another to get closer and closer to your unique natural garden.
1. create compost in the garden
No CO2-intensive removal of your organic waste and no fruit flies in the house - instead. Natural fertilizer and wonderful fertile soil. This and much more speaks in favor of a compost heap in your own garden. Cut branches, lawn clippings and even fruit and vegetable scraps from the kitchen can be conveniently disposed of here and make your garden even more diverse. Make sure that the compost pile is in partial shade and on open ground. You can find more tips in the article on Creating a compost heap.
Another tip for those without a garden: Look with pleasure in our Interview with Wurmkiste.at - because even those who do not have a garden can use a worm bin in the home to ensure that their own organic waste is skilfully decomposed into fertile soil.
2. use soil without peat
Peat provides better aeration of the garden soil, but does not go without environmental impact. After all, peat comes from the diverse peatlands - and that's where it should stay. Peatlands are home to many endangered species and are also huge carbon stores! Although they cover only 3 percent of the earth's surface, they actually sequester a third of all terrestrial carbon - twice as much as our planet's forests.₁
Unfortunately, there is also no such thing as "good peat". According to NABU, as an alternative to peat, you should prefer humus-rich soil with air pores and soil animals so that healthy plants can thrive.
3. use natural fertilizer
Chemical fertilizers have no place in a sustainable garden. Instead, you can use your compost pile - because it will provide you with homemade, natural fertilizer from your Organic waste. Whether branches, leaves, lawn clippings or apple and onion peels - these plant residues are a wonderful fertilizer for your garden. You'll have to be a little patient, but you'll be able to do without chemicals.
In the vegetable garden is often also worth the so-called Green manure. In the process, plants are already grown in the fall, which simply remain in the bed over the winter, so that the soil is nicely loosened by the roots. In addition, the plant residues on the ground improve the soil climate.
4. know tasks of soil inhabitants
To understand and optimize the diversity in your garden, you should also dig a little into the lives and tasks of the garden's inhabitants. Here's a dash of knowledge for you to match:
- Mole: The presence of a mole confirms that the soil in your garden is healthy and that there are enough microorganisms ready to eat. For example, he also eats snails, grubs or snail larvae, making him a useful pest controller.
- Earthworm: The earthworm loosens and aerates the soil of your garden and enriches it with natural fertilizer. Its droppings serve as a valuable plant nutrient.
- Springtail: Like the earthworm, springtails eat dead organic matter and leave behind fertile humus. They thus make a valuable contribution to healthy and nutrient-rich soil.
- Mite: Lots of mites in your garden are basically a sign of nutrient-rich soil. For example, they break down organic waste at an insane rate and counteract pests.
Tip: If you are in the mood for the wild nature, then take a look at our Wildlife Blog Germany over. Stephan is a nature filmmaker and provides you with breathtaking videos and short films in top quality.
5. provide more shelter for animals
Stone, leaf and dead wood piles are nothing to take away, but welcome guests in your sustainable garden. They serve as shelter but also for storing food. For bees or bumblebees, for example. Hedgehogs feel right at home in piles of leaves.
For example, for swifts or redstarts, you can easily add a few Nesting boxes provide. Wrens or warblers like to build their nests in hedges - NABU therefore recommends not cutting hedges from March to June.
Tip: With a Bee hotel you can, for example, offer one of the most important farm animals in the world a home in your garden. You can learn more about this in the article about the Creation of a bee friendly garden.
6. fences and facades of your natural garden
If you're concerned about a garden fence, be sure to make sure that animals like hedgehogs can still cross over to the neighbor's property. Hedges and trees are excellent as natural privacy screens - so you can safely refrain from dense property walls.
House walls that border your garden, you can easily with Climbing plants like ivy plant. The dense mesh provide a home for many birds. You also benefit from it and can from ivy leaves a dishwashing liquid itself make. Besides ivy, for example, blackberries also grow wonderfully on walls. Just give free rein to your creativity again.
7. diverse and native plants in the garden
In your garden should be a healthy mix of flat and tall plants. Tall Trees act as a cooling air conditioner in the summer and provide adequate shade for many creatures. Make sure the plants are all native to our area, as they are both adapted to the climate and soils and therefore more hardy. A bed of native Wildflowers provides a lot of color and many insects such as bees or butterflies.
8. place for vegetables & fruits
How cool is it, really, when you can make your own erdberries, potatoes, cucumbers or raspberries have in the garden? In any case, self-sufficiency in food is incredibly sustainable. And it helps you do it, Avoid plastic waste and save a lot of money and unnecessary transportation. Simply set up a small corner and plant the fruits and vegetables that you would like to enjoy.
Just use this Seasonal calendar for fruits, vegetables and saladsto learn more about the respective, ideal cultivation times.
Tip: By the way, fruit trees will also bring you great joy in the future if you plant them in your garden today.
9. observe mixed cultivation and crop rotation
If your plants don't really want to sprout, depleted soil is often the main cause - mixed cropping and crop rotation can help.
The sense of a mixed culture is a more uniform nutrient utilization through your grown plants - ultimately, it promotes healthy soil and saves lots of water and labor. For example, potatoes harmonize well next to spinach and corn, but less next to cucumbers and radishes.
Crop rotation, on the other hand, describes how well the crops grown in a specific bed over many years in a row harmonize with each other. It is generally recommended to make a crop rotation plan for the next four years. For example, strong growers such as tomatoes should not grow in the same bed every year. Instead, it makes sense to grow weak growers such as onions there the following year.
Notice: NABU introduces you to more information available here.
10. use natural pesticide
Not only your fertilizer, but also the plant protection products should be natural and without toxic, chemical additives. For one thing, you should always more resistant plants plant in your garden - on the other hand, you can, for example, wormwood, tansy, horsetail, dandelion, chamomile and onions a wonderful, natural plant protection product The protective agent is rich in nutrients and keeps unwanted pests away from your plants.
11. paving paths curved and not too dense
Just because stone deserts are notorious among environmentally conscious people doesn't mean that a natural garden has to be completely devoid of stones. On the contrary - a natural garden is also usually a successful interplay of stones and plants. Curved and not directly adjacent Natural stone slabs for example, are perfect for an elegant path through your own garden. They also provide shelter for ants and other insects. Besides stone slabs, gravel or wooden pavers, for example, are also suitable for the paths.
12. let garden waste rot instead of burning it
Please do not get the idea to simply burn cut branches, twigs and other wood scraps. This will release even more carbon dioxide. Instead you can Deadwood piles or deadwood hedges and let the wood residues rot in this way. So you offer animals additional Shelter and can, for example, a small windbreak against Soil erosion erect
13. pond, hill & ditches for cooling
A flat garden certainly has its advantages, but it can also dry out or flood more easily. A sustainable natural garden, therefore, includes a few mounds and ditches. They protect the soil and plants from wind, but also from soil erosion by water.
Especially the so-called Crater bed comes back into full fashion - a deliberately created heat-retaining depression in the ground, with little wind and plenty of sunlight - ideal for growing tomatoes and lettuce.
In addition to hills and ditches, especially provides a Garden pond or alternatively a small stream for even more life in your paradise. Water-loving plant species, dragonflies, frogs and toads - they can all be found here. And of course, the rippling of the pond also calms your own mind.
14. sustainable gardening without motor
Basically, in a natural garden anyway, the motto is to let plants grow rather than constantly cut them back. Of course, this also applies to the lawn. Ideally, you cut it not with a noisy and air-polluting lawn mower, but with a Sense - Fitness program included. Much more comfortable and still relatively sustainable are durable Lawn mower with battery. You can then put the grass clippings on the compost and leave the pile of leaves as a shelter for hedgehogs and other animals.
15. upcycle worn out items in the garden
An old, rusty bicycle, which is in every respect unfit for riding, is nevertheless suitable as a climbing aid for your plants or simply as a nostalgic decoration in the garden. It will make your garden even more exciting for each of its visitors.
But not only visually, you can through Upcycling old objects bring about benefits - an old dog bowl, for example, can become a source of water for birds and other animals.
So the next time you want to throw a formerly useful item in the garbage can, think again about possible upcycling ideas. There are no limits to your imagination.
16. save water when watering
The Climate change among other things, ensures that our gardens in Germany also need more and more water. The larger the garden, the more expensive watering can become. To save water, you should water your garden best to water in the morning between four and seven o'clock - then the evaporation of the water is about 10 - 30 percent. In fact, when watering at midday heat, a full 90 percent of the water evaporates again.₃
In addition, you should significantly increase the cutting height of your lawn mower in the summer - the slightly higher grass protects the soil from drying out and you can water your lawn less often with a clear conscience.
Tip: If you want to make the environmental problem of global warming even more tangible, check out the post on the Climate change statistics over. For more tips you can read the post about Climate protection tips use in everyday life.
17. collect and use rainwater
Also, to save water for watering your plants, be sure to collect free rainwater. An underground Collection container is especially suitable for larger gardens - but also a simple Rain barrel already helps enormously to water your own garden sustainably.
When the barrel is open, it even serves as an oversized water source for birds. But make sure that the water level is always high enough so that the animals do not fall in and have no chance to get out.
18. favorite place to set up and enjoy
Why do you have a garden at all? You should answer this question clearly. Most of us take care of our greenery on our own property because we feel comfortable in it. feel good and relax want. Accordingly, you should also set up a favorite spot in your natural garden where you can really relax. How about a bench or a hammock overlooking the pond? Add to that the chirping of birds and the scent of thyme and lavender. Just an idea.
Make your sustainable garden a mecca of biodiversity!
Avoid a supposedly low-labor stone desert in your garden. A wild, biodiverse natural garden has much more to offer and doesn't require as much maintenance. Instead, just let nature take its course and don't mow the lawn every day.
I hope that the tips for a sustainable garden have helped you. Feel free to leave me a comment with your opinion and any suggestions and feel free to share the post with others.
₁ Parish, Sirin, Charman, Joosten, Minayeva, Silvius, Stringer (2008): Assessment on Peatlands, Biodiversity and Climate Change: Main Report. Global Environment Centre and Wetlands International. S.179.
₂ Smarticular Publishing: Make your own organic sprays against pests and plant diseases. https://www.smarticular.net/pflanzliche-mittel-gegen-blattlaeuse-und-pflanzenkrankheiten. [01.10.2021].
₃ VGL Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (Gartencenter.de): Garden irrigation: automatic plant watering. https://www.gartencenter.de/automatische-pflanzenbewaesserung. [01.10.2021].